Almost everyone in the field of education has heard of Maria Montessori (1870-1952), the Italian educator and physician who was especially interested in working with children with developmental and intellectual disabilities. Throughout her long career, she was an advocate for disabled children and for women’s rights. Her innovative methods of child-centered instruction, which include freedom of choice, self-motivation, and student autonomy, have proven surprisingly effective for many students of all ability levels. Today, her progressive instructional methods are reproduced in over 22,000 schools in 110 countries around the world in institutions are known as Montessori schools. Maria Montessori is truly an international chalkboard champion.